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Major Kalshi Classes is the BEST CDS COACHING IN Meerut

CDS commonly known as Combined Defence Academy is conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) for the recruitment of Commissioned Officers in the Indian Army, Navy and Air force. The CDS exam is framed by the UPSC twice a year and a large number of candidates appear for the national-level defence entrance examination. 

The selection process includes a written examination and an SSB interview for the Intelligence and Personality test. 

Shortlisted candidates are placed in the academics based on their merit and their preferences. 

All candidates who apply for the Air Force through more than one source will be tested/interviewed at the Air Force Selection Boards only once for Air Force. Typical candidates who fail in Computer Pilot Selection System (CPSS) and Pilot Aptitude Battery tests as an NCC or Airmen candidate will be called again for OLQ testing for Army/Navy/OTA only if it is found that they have applied through CDS Exam.

The SSB interview process consists of a two-stage Selection process – stage I and stage II. Only those candidates who successfully clear the stage I SSB interview are permitted to appear for stage II.


(a) Stage I comprises Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception Description Test (PPDT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on the combination of performance in the OIR Test and PPDT.

(b) Stage II Comprises Interviews, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests, and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4 days. The details of these tests are given on the Indian Army career portal.[4]

The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO), and the Psychologist. There is no separate weightage for each test. The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the tests.

The academies to which the candidates are given admission are as follows:


  1. Indian Army Academy in Dehradun 
  2. Indian Naval Academy in Ezhimala 
  3. Air force Academy in Hyderabad 
  4. Officers' Training Academy in Chennai 




The CDS exam is conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). It is a national level of exam 

  • EXAM FREQUENCY- Twice a year in April and September 
  • Exam mode is offline 
  • VACANCIES- 341 total vacancies are there in CDS 
  • Exam timing allotted to each paper such as English, General knowledge and Mathematics for two hours each 
  • The language of the question paper is both English and Hindi 
  • The division of question in each subject is Mathematics- 100

General knowledge- 120 

English - 120 

  • For OTA i.e Officers Training Academy only the Candidate have to appear for English and General knowledge rest of the Academies includes Mathematics also 
  • Marks division are as follows for OTA 200 for written examination and 200 for SSB Interview 

and for the rest one like IMA, INA, AFA 300 for written examination and SSB interview both 

  • One marks for correct answer and 0.33 marks are deducted for the wrong answers in short negative marking is applicable in this examination 
  • Candidates must have completed their graduation degree or at least be appearing for the  final exam of degree for (OTA) and for (IMA)

and for (INA) Bachelors in Engineering from a recognised university 

and for (AFA) Graduation with Maths and Physics or Bachelor of Engineering 

  • AGE LIMIT- For IMA - Unmarried male born between 2 Jan 1999 to are not later than  1 Jan 2004 

For INA- Unmarried Male born between 2 Jan 1999 to are not later than 1 Jan 2004 

For AFA- 20 to 24 years born not earlier than 2 Jan 1999 and not later than 1 Jan 2003 

For OTA - Unmarried man and women are eligible 

  • Height if females should be 152 cm and male 157cm in Navy and 162.5 cm in Air force 

Permanent body Tattoos on any other part of the body are not applicable and candidates will be barred from the selection procedure. 

CDS Important Instructions- 

  • Write only in Black ballpoint pen, your Centre and subject followed by the CDS 2022 test booklet series (in brackets), subject code and the exam roll number at the appropriate space provided on the answer sheet at the top.
  • Encode your CDS booklet series (A, B, C, or D as the case may be), subject code and roll number in the circles provided for the purpose in the answer sheet.
  • In case the CDS booklet series is not printed on the test booklet or the answer sheet is un-numbered then candidates should report immediately to the invigilator and get the test booklet/answer sheet replaced.
  • Candidates should note that any omission/mistakes/discrepancy in encoding/filling of details in the CDS OMR answer sheet, especially with regard to the Roll Number and Test Booklet Series Code, will render the answer sheet liable for rejection.
  • Immediately after the commencement of the CDS please check that the test booklet supplied to you does not have any unprinted or torn or missing pages or items etc., if so, get it replaced by a complete test booklet of the same series and subject.
  • Do not write your name or anything other than the specific items of information asked for, on the CDS answer sheet/test booklet/sheet for rough work.
  • Do not fold or damage or put any extraneous markings over the CDS Answer Sheet. Do not write anything on the reverse of the answer sheet.

How to Apply for CDS Exam?

  • Visit the official website
  • Click the 'Online Application For Various Exams of UPSC' link
  • On the page, click the link 'Part I of CDS online Form'
  • Fill in the personal and contact details
  • Select the preference for the academies as per age & qualification
  • The Registration ID is generated
  • Proceed towards filling 'Part II of CDS online form'
  • Pay the required fees
  • Once the fee payment is done, select the desired examination centre.
  • Upload a scanned copy of the photograph, signature and photo identity proof
  • Click to Submit
  • Print/ Download the application form 

CDS Application Fees- 

The application fees can be paid both online and offline

The application fees were INR 200 for General and OBC male candidates SC, and ST candidates were exempted from fee payment.

CDS Salary- 

As mentioned earlier, the stipend given to the gentlemen or lady cadets during the training in the respective academies is Rs 56,100 per month. The training period is not treated as the commissioned service. Once the candidates are commissioned successfully, the CDS salary of officers will be in the pay matrix of level 10 and will be liable to get all the arrears remaining on the basis of their pay matrix with effect from their training period.

CDS Allowances & Perks To INA/IMA/OTA/AFA Officers- 

Officers in the Army, Navy, and Air Force are given attractive CDS Salaries. Apart from the salary, they are entitled to various allowances and perks as well. Dearness Allowance, Flying Allowance, Uniform Allowance, and High Altitude allowance are a few allowances that officers get besides the CDS salary. All these allowances are mentioned in detail below –


Qualification Grant- 

Abolished as a separate allowance. Eligible employees are to be governed by the newly proposed Higher Qualification Incentive (HQI). Order for HQI is yet to be issued by MoD.

Flying allowance: The Army Aviators (Pilots) serving in the Army Aviation Corps are entitled to a flying allowance. The lieutenant and above rank in level 10 get Rs 25,000 per month (R1H1 of Risk and Hardship Matrix) fixed as a flying allowance.

Siachen Allowance & High Altitude allowances – 

Candidates posted to Siachen are entitled to Siachen Allowance of Rs 42,500/- per month. Similarly, officers recruited through CDS and posted to the high-altitude regions are benefited from the allowances. 

Important points related to Travel allowance –


  • Higher TPTA Cities (UA) are Patna, Lucknow, Kolkata, Delhi, Kanpur, Hyderabad, Ahmadabad, Surat, Kochi, Bengaluru, Kozhikode, Indore, Nagpur, Pune, Greater Mumbai, Jaipur, Coimbatore, Ghaziabad, Chennai.
  • The TPTA allowance is admissible to those service personnel of NDA who have been provided with the facility of Government transport.
  • Officers of NDA in Pay Level 14 and above, who are entitled to use an official car, have the option to avail official car facility or to draw the TPTA of Rs 15,750/ +Dearness Allowance thereon.
  • The allowance is admissible for the calendar months wholly covered by leave.
  • The physically disabled service personnel will continue to be paid at a double rate, subject to a minimum of Rs 2,250/ + Dearness Allowances.


CDS Perks & Other Benefits


Officers in the Army, Navy, and Air Force are entitled to 60 days of paid annual leave and 20 days of paid casual leave per year. Officers of CDS are permitted to use up to 10 days of annual leave and 60 days of leave travel concession over the course of their careers to pay for unforeseen travel costs.

Other Benefits: The officers and their families are eligible for benefits such free medical care, housing at a reduced rate, a family assistance programme, group housing, group insurance, and canteen services.

Hope this informative article is useful for the students

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